A participle is a verb form that is used as an adjective or to make compound .
There are two types of participles:
- Participle — ends in -ing (ex: relaxing, sipping, resting, shivering)
- Participle — usually ends in -ed or -en (frightened, taken, broken, seen)
Used as Adjective:
- Shivering , the man held tightly to his coat.
- Stop nursing your broken heart.
Used in a Compound Verb:
- The tourists are sipping lemonade beside the pool. (in the present progressive tense)
- They were resting under the palm trees. (in the past progressive tense)
- They will be relaxing in the mansion by this time tomorrow. (in the progressive tense)
- Mario has taken a leave of absence from work. (present perfect tense)
The burglary had frightened the child so much that the child was traumatized. (past perfect)
He will have seen the world before he turns thirty. (future perfect)
Note: Past participles are used to conjugate verbs in the perfect tenses. Present participles are used to conjugate verbs in the progressive tenses.