: Infants are most susceptible to significant losses in total body water because of an infant’s: 2. Question: The drug heparin acts in hemostasis by which processes?

Question: Infants are most susceptible to significant losses in total body water because of an infant’s: 2. Question: The drug heparin acts in hemostasis by which processes? 3. Question: Which cells have phagocytic properties similar to monocytes and contract like smooth muscles cells, thereby influencing the glomerular filtration rate? 4. Question: Erythrocyte life span of less than 120 days, ineffective bone marrow response to erythropoietin, and altered iron metabolism describe the pathophysiologic characteristics of which type of anemia? 5. Question: Which blood cell type is elevated at birth but decreases to adult levels during the first year of life? 6. Question: Immunoglobulin E (IgE) is associated with which type of hypersensitivity reaction? 7. Question: Which drug may be prescribed orally for outbreak management of herpes simplex viral (HSV) infections? 8. Question: Which substance has been shown to increase the risk of cancer when used in combination with tobacco smoking? 9. Question: An infant’s hemoglobin must fall below ___ g/dl before signs of pallor, tachycardia, and systolic murmurs occur. 10. Question: How high does the plasma glucose have to be before the threshold for glucose is achieved? 11. Question: Which disorder results in decreased erythrocytes and platelets with changes in leukocytes and has clinical manifestations of pallor, fatigue, petechiae, purpura, bleeding, and fever? 12. Question: Deficiencies in which element can produce depression of both B- and T-cell function? 13. Question: Apoptosis is a(an): 14. Question: The only surface inside the nephron where cells are covered with microvilli to increase the reabsorptive surface area is called the: 15. Question: The coronary ostia are located in the: 16. Question: Causes of hyperkalemia include: 17. Question: Why is nasal congestion a serious threat to young infants? 18. Question: Continuous increases in left ventricular filing pressures result in which disorder? 19. Question: What is the first stage in the infectious process? 20. Question: Which type of immunity is produced by an individual after either natural exposure to the antigen or after immunization against the antigen? 21. Question: What are the abnormalities in cytokines found in children with cystic fibrosis (CF)? 22. Question: What substance stimulates renal hydroxylation in the process of producing vitamin D? 23. Question: When a patient has small, vesicular lesions that last between 10 and 20 days, which sexually transmitted infection is suspected? 24. Question: Which organ is stimulated during the alarm phase of the general adaptation syndrome (GAS)? 25. Question: Which primary characteristic is unique for the immune response? 26. Question: What is the fundamental physiologic manifestation of anemia? 27. Question: Hypersensitivity is best defined as a(an): 28. Question: What is the life span of an erythrocyte (in days)? 29. Question: The risk for respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) decreases for premature infants when they are born between how many weeks of gestation? 30. Question: Research supports the premise that exercise has a probable impact on reducing the risk of which cancer? 31. Question: Which immunoglobulin (Ig) is present in childhood asthma? 32. Question: Causes of hyperkalemia include: 33. Question: An individual is more susceptible to infections of mucous membranes when he or she has a seriously low level of which immunoglobulin antibody? 34. Question: What is the primary site for uncomplicated local gonococci infections in men? 35. Question: Decreased lung compliance means that the lungs are demonstrating which characteristic? 36. Question: Which organism is a common sexually transmitted bacterial infection? 37. Question: The Papanicolaou (Pap) test is used to screen for which cancer? 38. Question: What is the ratio of coronary capillaries to cardiac muscle cells? 39. Question: Which laboratory test is considered adequate for an accurate and reliable diagnosis of gonococcal urethritis in a symptomatic man? 40. Question: What is the role of collagen in the clotting process? 41. Question: Fetal hematopoiesis occurs in which structure? 42. Question: The glomerular filtration rate is directly related to which factor? 43. Question: What is the primary problem resulting from respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) of the newborn? 44. Question: What is the trigone? 45. Question: Which hormone is synthesized and secreted by the kidneys? 46. Question: Which hepatitis virus is known to be sexually transmitted? 47. Question: What is the functional unit of the kidney called? 48. Question: A person with type O blood is considered to be the universal blood donor because type O blood contains which of the following? 49. Question: Which hormone is required for water to be reabsorbed in the distal tubule and collecting duct? 50. Question: Low plasma albumin causes edema as a result of a reduction in which pressure? 51. Question: The most common site of metastasis for a patient diagnosed with prostate cancer is which location? 52. Question: How is most of the oxygen in the blood transported? 53. Question: What is the direct action of atrial natriuretic hormone? 54. Question: What is the purpose of the spirometry measurement? 55. Question: Carcinoma in situ is characterized by which changes? 56. Question: If the sinoatrial (SA) node fails, then at what rate (depolarizations per minute) can the atrioventricular (AV) node depolarize? 57. Question: What effects do exercise and body position have on renal blood flow? 58. Question: What is the major concern regarding the treatment of gonococci infections? 59. Question: Innervation of the bladder and internal urethral sphincter is supplied by which nerves? 60. Question: Which congenital heart defects occur in trisomy 13, trisomy 18, and Down syndrome?]]>